TANYA'S

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO

FELINE CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

       GLOSSARY

 

 

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HOME


Site Overview


What You Need to Know First


Alphabetical Index


Glossary


Research Participation Opportunities


 

WHAT IS CKD?


What Happens in CKD?


Causes of CKD


Early Detection


How Bad is It?


Is There Any Hope?


Acute Renal Failure


 

KEY ISSUES


Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid


Maintaining Hydration


The Importance of Phosphorus Control


All About Hypertension


All About Anaemia


All About Constipation


Potassium Imbalances


Metabolic Acidosis


Kidney Stones


 

SUPPORT


Coping with CKD


Tanya's Support Group


Success Stories


 

SYMPTOMS


Alphabetical List of Symptoms and Treatments


Fluid and Urinary  Imbalances (Dehydration, Overhydration and Urinary Issues)


Waste Product Regulation Imbalances (Vomiting, Appetite Loss, Excess Stomach Acid, Gastro-intestinal Problems, Mouth Ulcers Etc.)


Phosphorus and Calcium Imbalances


Miscellaneous Symptoms (Pain, Hiding Etc.)


 

DIAGNOSIS: WHAT DO ALL THE TEST RESULTS MEAN?


Blood Chemistry: Kidney Function, Potassium, Other Tests (ALT, Amylase, (Cholesterol, Etc.)


Complete Blood Count (CBC): Red and White Blood Cells: Anaemia and Infection


Urinalysis (Urine Tests)


Other Tests: Ultrasound, Biopsy, X-rays etc.


Renomegaly (Enlarged Kidneys)


Which Tests to Have and Frequency of Testing


Factors that Affect Test Results


Normal Ranges


International and US Measuring Systems


 

TREATMENTS


Which Treatments are Essential


Finding a Good Vet and Record Keeping


Fluid and Urinary Issues (Fluid Retention, Infections, Incontinence, Proteinuria)


Waste Product Regulation (Mouth Ulcers, GI Bleeding, Antioxidants, Adsorbents, Azodyl, Astro's CRF Oil)


Phosphorus, Calcium and PTH (Calcitriol)


Miscellaneous Treatments: Stem Cell Transplants, ACE Inhibitors - Fortekor, Steroids, Kidney Transplants)


Antibiotics and Painkillers


Holistic Treatments (Including Slippery Elm Bark)


ESAs (Aranesp, Epogen etc.) for Severe Anaemia


General Health Issues in a CKD Cat: Fleas, Arthritis, Dementia, Vaccinations


Tips on Medicating Your Cat


Obtaining Supplies Cheaply in the UK, USA and Canada


Working with Your Vet


 

DIET & NUTRITION


Nutritional Requirements of CKD Cats


The B Vitamins (Including Methylcobalamin)


What to Feed (and What to Avoid)


Persuading Your Cat to Eat


Food Data Tables


USA Canned Food Data


USA Dry Food Data


USA Cat Food Manufacturers


UK Canned Food Data


UK Dry Food Data


UK Cat Food Manufacturers


2007 Food Recall USA


 

FLUID THERAPY


Intravenous Fluids


Subcutaneous Fluids


Tips on Giving Subcutaneous Fluids


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Giving Set


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Syringe


Subcutaneous Fluids - Winning Your Vet's Support


Dialysis


 

RELATED DISEASES


Heart Problems


Hyperthyroidism


Diabetes


Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)


Pancreatitis


Dental Problems


Anaesthesia


 

OBTAINING SUPPLIES CHEAPLY


UK


USA


Canada


 

SAYING GOODBYE


Saying Goodbye


The Final Hours


Coping with Your Loss


Other People's Losses


 

MISCELLANEOUS


Prevention


Research


Canine Renal Failure


Other Illnesses (Cancer, Liver) and Behavioural Problems


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SITEOWNER (HELEN)


My Three CKD Cats: Tanya, Thomas and Ollie


My Multi Ailment Cat, Harpsie


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Home > Glossary


Overview


 

ABG = Arterial blood gas

a. c. = Before meals

ACE inhibitor = Angiotensin-converting-enzyme Inhibitor

ACT = Activated Clotting Time

ADE = Adverse Drug Event

Alb = Albumin

ALP = Alkaline Phosphatase

Alt = Alanine Aminotransferase

Amyl = Amylase

ARF = Acute Renal Failure

ASAP = As soon as possible

Astro’s = Astro’s CRF Oil

 

Bicarb = Bicarbonate of Soda

BID = Twice per day

BP = Blood Pressure

BPM = Beats per minute

BTW = By the way

BUN = Blood Urea Nitrogen

Bup = Buprenex

 

C = With

C & S = Culture and sensitivity

Ca = Calcium

Cal = Calories

Calc = Calcium or Calcitriol

Carb = Carbohydrate

CBC = Complete Blood Count

CDD = Cognitive Dysfunction Disorder

CHF = Congestive/chronic heart failure

Chol = Cholestrol

CK = Creatine Kinase

CKD = Chronic Kidney Disease

CNS = Central Nervous System

CO2 = Carbon dioxide

CPK = Creatine Phosphokinase

Crea = Creatinine

CRF = Chronic Renal Failure

CXR = Chest X-ray

Cypro = Cyproheptadine [aka Periactin]

 

DX = Diagnosis

 

ECG = Electrocardiogram

EKG = Electrocardiogram

EOD = Every other day

 

FDA = Food and Drug Administration [US]

FLUTD = Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

 

GFR = Globular Filtration Rate

GI = Gastrointestinal

Glu/Gluc = Glucose

Gtt = drop

 

H2 antagonist = Histamine blocker to block production of stomach acid

HCO3 = Bicarbonate

HCT = Haematocrit

HGB = Hemoglobin

HL = Hepatic Lipidosis

HR = Heart rate

h.s. = Hour of sleep

HTH = Hope that helps

HTN = Hypertension

HyperT = Hyperthyroidism

 

IBD = Inflammatory Bowel Disease

IM = Intramuscular

IV = Intravenous

IVP = Intravenous Pyelogram

 

K = Potassium

 

LD = Last dose

LFTs = Liver function tests

LOL = Laugh(ing) out loud

 

Mag = Magnesium

MB = Myoglobin

mcg = Micrograms

mEq = Milliequivalents

mg = milligrams

ml = millilitres

MCH = Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

MCHC = Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

MCV = Mean cell volume

Mirtz = Mirtazapine

MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging

 

N & V = Nausea and vomiting

N/A = Not applicable

NAD = No acute distress

NPO = Nothing by mouth

NSAID = Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

 

O2 = Oxygen

OD = Overdose

Oint = Ointment

OMG = Oh my goodness/God!

Os = Mouth

OTC = Over the counter

Oz = Ounce

 

p. c. = After meals

PCN = Penicillin

PCV = Packed cell volume

PE = Pulmonary embolism

PEG = Polyethylene glycol

Per = By way of

pH = Measure of acidity

Phos = Phosphorus

PKD = Polycystic kidney disease

PLT = Platelets

PTH = Parathyroid hormone

PM = Private message

PMH = Past medical history

p. o. = By mouth

post-op = Postoperatively, after surgery

PR = Per rectum

Prep = Prepare for

pre-op = Preoperatively, before surgery

PRN = Whenever necessary, when needed

Prot = Protein

Pt = Patient

PTS = Put to sleep

 

Q = every

QH = Every hour

Q2H, Q3H = Every 2 hours, every 3 hours, etc.

QHS = every night

QID = four times a day

QD = every day

QOD = every other day

QOL = Quality of Life

QS = Quantity sufficient

 

RAIU = Radioactive iodine uptake

RBC = Red blood cells

RDW = RBC distribution width

Re = About

Rec = Rectal

Retic-count = Reticulocyte count

R/O = Rule out

RR = Respiratory rate

Rx = Prescription

 

S = Without

SBO = Small bowel obstruction

SC = Subcutaneous

SEB = Slippery Elm Bark

SGOT = Serum glutamine oxaloacetic transaminase

SGPT = Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase

Sig. = Let it be labelled

SOB = Short of breath

Sol = Solution

S/P = Status post

Sp. Gr. = Specific gravity

Staph = Staphylococcus

STAT = Immediately

Strep = Streptococcus

SubCut = Subcutaneous

SubQ = Subcutaneous

 

T4 = Thyroxine

T4 test = Test to determine hyper-hypo-thyroidism

T. Bili = Total billirubin

T & C = Type and cross match (blood)

Temp = Temperature

TF = Tube feeding

TG = Triglycerides

Tinc. = Tincture

TLC = Tender loving care

TNTC = Too numerous to count

Tol = Tolerated

TP = Total protein

TSH = Thyroid stimulating hormone

T & X = Type and cross match (blood)

TID = three times a day

Transdermal = Drug administration through the skin

 

u = Units

UA = Urinalysis

Ung = Ointment

Urea = Waste normally cleared from the blood by the kidney and excreted in the urine

URI = Upper respiratory infection

US = Ultrasound

USG = Urine specific gravity

UTI = Urinary tract infection

 

Via = By way of

Vit = Vitamin

Vol = Volume

VS = Vital signs (BP, HR, RR, Temp)

 

WBC = White blood cells

WNL = Within normal limits

Wt = Weight

 

X = Times

XRT = Radiation therapy

 

 

 

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This page last updated: 02 January 2012

Links on this page last checked: 02 January 2012