Tanya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TANYA'S

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO

FELINE CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

24 July 2000 - 24 July 2020

Twenty years online!

(Not tax deductible since I am a private individual)

 

 

 

 

OTHER ILLNESSES

 

ON THIS PAGE:


Feline Lifestages Information


MAJOR FELINE HEALTH ISSUES:


Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)


Cancer


Liver Disease


Paralysed and Amputee Cats


FELINE BEHAVIOUR:


New Cat Introductions


Inappropriate Elimination


Aggression


Alarm Clock Cats


 

 

HOME


Site Overview


Just Diagnosed? What You Need to Know First


Search This Site


 

 

WHAT IS CKD?


What Happens in CKD


Causes of CKD


How Bad is It?


Is There Any Hope?


Acute Kidney Injury


 

KEY ISSUES: PROLONGING LIFE


Phosphorus Control


Hypertension

(High Blood Pressure)


Proteinuria


Anaemia


Potassium Imbalances


Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infections) and Urinary Tract Infections NEW


Metabolic Acidosis


Kidney Stones


 

KEY ISSUES: HELPING YOUR CAT FEEL BETTER


Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid


Maintaining Hydration


The B Vitamins (Including Methylcobalamin)


Constipation


 

CAT FOOD DATA


Ways of Assessing Food Content, Including What is Dry Matter Analysis


How to Use the Food Data Tables


USA Canned Food Data


USA Dry Food Data


USA Cat Food Brands: Helpfulness Ratings


USA Cat Food Brands: Contact Details


USA Food Data Book


 

SUPPORT


Coping with CKD


Tanya's Support Group


Success Stories


 

SYMPTOMS


Important: Crashing


Alphabetical List of Symptoms and Treatments


Fluid and Urinary  Imbalances (Dehydration, Overhydration and Urinary Issues)


Waste Product Regulation Imbalances (Vomiting, Appetite Loss, Excess Stomach Acid, Gastro-intestinal Problems, Mouth Ulcers Etc.)


Phosphorus and Calcium Imbalances


Miscellaneous Symptoms (Pain, Hiding Etc.)


 

DIAGNOSIS: WHAT DO ALL THE TEST RESULTS MEAN?


Early Detection


Blood Chemistry: Kidney Function, Potassium, Other Tests (ALT, Amylase, (Cholesterol, Etc.)


Calcium, Phosphorus, Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism


Complete Blood Count (CBC): Red and White Blood Cells: Anaemia and Infection


Urinalysis (Urine Tests)


Other Tests: Ultrasound, Biopsy, X-rays etc.


Renomegaly (Enlarged Kidneys)


Which Tests to Have and Frequency of Testing


Factors that Affect Test Results


Normal Ranges


International and US Measuring Systems


 

TREATMENTS


Which Treatments are Essential


Fluid and Urinary Issues (Fluid Retention, Infections, Incontinence, Proteinuria)


Waste Product Regulation (Mouth Ulcers, GI Bleeding, Antioxidants, Adsorbents, Azodyl, Astro's CRF Oil)


Phosphorus, Calcium and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (Calcitriol)


Phosphorus Binders


Steroids, Stem Cell Transplants and Kidney Transplants


Antibiotics and Painkillers


Holistic Treatments (Including Slippery Elm Bark)


ESAs (Aranesp, Epogen etc.) for Severe Anaemia


General Health Issues in a CKD Cat: Fleas, Arthritis, Dementia, Vaccinations


Tips on Medicating Your Cat


Obtaining Supplies Cheaply in the UK, USA and Canada


Working with Your Vet and Recordkeeping


 

DIET & NUTRITION


Nutritional Requirements of CKD Cats


The B Vitamins (Including Methylcobalamin)


What to Feed (and What to Avoid)


Persuading Your Cat to Eat


2007 Food Recall USA


 

FLUID THERAPY


Oral Fluids


Intravenous Fluids


Subcutaneous Fluids


Tips on Giving Subcutaneous Fluids


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Giving Set


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Syringe


Subcutaneous Fluids - Winning Your Vet's Support


Dialysis


 

RELATED DISEASES


Heart Problems


Hyperthyroidism


Diabetes


Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)


Pancreatitis


Dental Problems


Anaesthesia


 

OBTAINING SUPPLIES CHEAPLY


UK


USA Online


USA Local (Fluids)


Canada


 

SAYING GOODBYE


The Final Hours


Other People's Losses


Coping with Your Loss


 

MISCELLANEOUS


Prevention


Feline CKD Research, Including Participation Opportunities


CKD Research in Other Species


Share This Site: A Notice for Your Vet's Bulletin Board or Your Local Pet Shop


Canine Kidney Disease


Other Illnesses (Cancer, Liver) and Behavioural Problems


Diese Webseite auf Deutsch


 

SITEOWNER (HELEN)


My Three CKD Cats: Tanya, Thomas and Ollie


Find Me on Facebook


Follow Me on Twitter


Contact Me


Home > Miscellaneous > Other Illnesses

 


Overview


  • I sometimes am asked about other issues in CKD cats, so I'm covering them here.

  • Diseases related to the CKD, including dental problems, pancreatitis, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and Heart Problems are covered in Related Diseases.

  • This page covers Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), cancer, liver disease, behavioural problems in cats and handicapped cats.


Feline Lifestages Information


 

All Lifestages


 

AAFP/AAHA feline life stage guidelines (2010)

Vogt AH, Rodan I, Brown M, Brown S, Buffington CAT, LaRue Forman MJ, Neilson J & Sparkes A Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 12 pp43-54 gives tips on which tests to run at which age, dental care, weight management and many other issues.

 

Senior Cat Care


 

The American Association of Feline Practitioners (2009)

Pittari J, Rodan I, Beekman G, Gunn-Moore D, Polzin D, Taboada J, Tuzio H & Zoran D Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 11 pp763-778 has guidelines on how to be proactive in caring for a senior cat. It recommends six monthly veterinary check ups.

 

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine

has information on what to expect as a cat ages.

 

Aging in cats: common physical and functional changes (2016)

Bellows J, Center S, Daristotle L, Estrada AH, Fickinger EA, Horwitz DF, Lascelles BDX, Lepine A, Perea S, Scherk M & Shoveller AK Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 18 pp533550 discusses the bodily changes that may be seen in aging cats.

 

Evaluating aging in cats: how to determine what is healthy and what is disease (2016)

Bellows J, Center S, Daristotle L, Estrada AH, Flickinger EA, Horwitz DF, Lascelles BDX, Lepine A, Perea S, Scherk M and Shoveller AK Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 18 pp551570 discusses what to be alert to regarding your cat's health.

 

The American Veterinary Medical Association

has some information about aging cats. I am a bit mystified that a seven year old cat is considered geriatric, yet is the equivalent of a 54 year old human. Aging in cats: common physical and functional changes (2016) Bellows J, Center S, Daristotle L, Estrada AH, Fickinger EA, Horwitz DF, Lascelles BDX, Lepine A, Perea S, Scherk M & Shoveller AK Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 18 pp533550 suggests:

  • 7-10           mature or middle-aged

  • 11-14         senior

  • 15+            geriatric

which makes more sense to me.

 


Major Feline Health Issues



Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)


 

This condition is very common in cats. It is usually linked to an imbalance in urine pH, and many of these cats develop struvite crystals. It is not the same thing as a urinary tract infection.

 

In the worst case, these cats can develop a life-threatening urinary tract blockage, so the cat becomes unable to urinate. This can be fatal, so If you suspect your cat has this problem, you need a vet, NOW! My Harpsie nearly died of this problem so it is a subject close to my heart.

 

International Cat Care

An overview by the UK feline charity.

 

Long Beach Animal Hospital

Detailed and helpful information. 

 

Mar Vista Vet

This page discusses FLUTD.

 

Mar Vista Vet

This page discusses struvite crystals in particular.

 

Mar Vista Vet

This page discusses urinary tract blockages.

 

The Winn Feline Foundation (2015)

Has a good overview of FLUTD from Drs S Little and M Kornya.

 

The Winn Feline Foundation (2015)

discusses bladder stones and urinary obstructions from Dr M Kornya

 

Feline lower urinary tract disease (2006)

Sparkes AH Presentation to the 31st World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress has a brief overview of FLUTD.

 


Feline Cancer


 

Pet MD

Lists the top ten possible cancer symptoms to watch out for.

 

2016 AAHA oncology guidelines for dogs and cats

Biller B, Berg J, Garrett L, Ruslander D, Wearing R, Abbott B, Patel M, Smith D & Bryan C Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 52(4) pp181-204 gives the latest guidelines for treating cancer in cats. Please note that chemotherapy is available for cats and they do not normally experience the sort of side effects commonly seen in humans.

 

Pet Cancer Center

has a lot of information about cancer in cats and dogs.

 

Vet Info

A number of questions and answers on cancer issues.

 

Feline Cancer Support Group

For those with a cat with cancer offering advice and support. I used this group when my cat had cancer and found it helpful.

 

Lymphoma


Lymphoma is the most common cancer in cats, but fortunately it is often treatable. Since lymphoma may affect the kidneys, there is more information about lymphoma on the Causes of CKD page.

 

Feline Lymphoma

Aims to help people with a cat with lymphoma by offering support and information, particularly regarding treatment options.

 

Feline small cell lymphoma

(2017) Chavkin K Cornell University Veterinary Specialists discusses the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.

 

Lymphoma in dogs and cats. what's the latest? (2011)

Krick EL Today's Veterinary Practice Nov/Dec pp16-22 has some helpful information about treatment options.

 

Mar Vista Vet

Information on symptoms and treatments for lymphoma.

 

Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine

Has a clear overview of lymphoma in cats.

 

Woodstock's story

The story of one cat's battle against lymphosarcoma (kidney cancer).

 

Feline Lymphoma Support Group

For those with cats with lymphoma.

 

Feline Small Cell Lymphoma Support Group

For those with a cat with small cell lymphoma. They only accept cats diagnosed with small cell lymphoma.

 


Liver Disease


 

General


 

International Cat Care

An overview of liver disease by the UK feline charity.

 

Long Beach Animal Hospital

A good overview of liver disease.

 

MedicAnimal

discusses dietary requirements for liver disease.

 

Feline Liver Disease

A support group for those with a cat with liver problems, offering advice and support.

 

Hepatitis and Cholangitis/Cholangiohepatitis


 

Feline cholangitis/cholangiohepatitis syndrome (2015)

Center SA Merck Veterinary Manual discusses cholangiohepatitis.

 

Cholangitis/cholangiohepatitis syndrome in cats

Ward E VCA Hospitals has an overview.

 

Update on the diagnosis and management of feline cholangiohepatitis (2003)

A presentation by Stanley Marks to the Waltham Feline Medicine Symposium 2003.

 

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine

An overview of cholangiohepatitis.

 


Paralysed and Amputee Cats


 

Mar Vista Vet

Information on caring for paralysed cats.

 

Messy Beast

Discusses hind limb paralysis and various types of amputation.

 

International Cat Care

Information on adapting to life on three legs.

 

Walkin' Pets

Sells products for handicapped pets.

 

Eddies Wheels

Sells products for handicapped pets.

 


Feline Behaviour


 

General Information


 

AAHA 2015 canine and feline behavior management guidelines

Hammerle M, Horst C, Levine E, Overall K, Radosta L, Rafter-Ritchie M, Yin S Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 51(4) pp205-221 offers guidelines on the management of feline behaviour.

 

Feline behavior guidelines from the American Association of Feline Practitioners (2005)

Overall KL, Rodan I, Beaver BV, Carney H, Crowell-Davis S, Hird N, Kudrak S & Wexler-Mitchel E; Panel on Feline Behavior Guidelines; American Association of Feline Practitioners Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 227(1) pp70-84 has information on feline behaviour.

 

Cats International

A not-for-profit, educational organisation with the goal of helping people understand their cats better. It has many excellent articles.

 

Cats Health and Behavior

This group is for discussion of general cat health and behaviour. Oh, and I own it.

 

Introducing a New Cat


 

Cats International

Lots of good advice on how to introduce cats to your household.

 

House Soiling


 

Hilltop Animal Hospital

Excellent information from Dr Karen Overall, a famous US animal behaviourist. 

 

Hilltop Animal Hospital

A series of other articles with advice on dealing with such problems.

 

International Cat Care

Discusses the role of stress in spraying and soiling indoors.

 

AAFP and ISFM guidelines for diagnosing and solving house-soiling behavior in cats (2014)

Carney HC, Sadek TP, Curtis TM, Halls V, Heath S, Hutchison P, Mundschenk K & Westropp JL Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 16 pp579598 aim to help manage and treat and hopefully resolve feline house soiling.

 

Cats International

Has helpful information about house soiling.

 

There are more links on this subject here.

 

Feline Aggression


 

Cats International

Has a collection of helpful articles about aggression towards people.

 

Cats International

Also has a collection of helpful articles regarding aggression towards other cats.

 

"Alarm Clock" Cats - Cats Who Wake at Dawn


 

Cats International

Explains why cats often wake up early and how to deal with this issue.

 

Pet Place

Has an article about this problem by Dr Nicholas Dodman.

 

 

Back to Page Index

This page last updated: 13 September 2020

Links on this page last checked: 06 September 2020

 

   

*****

 

TREATING YOUR CAT WITHOUT VETERINARY ADVICE CAN BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS.

 

I have tried very hard to ensure that the information provided in this website is accurate, but I am NOT a vet, just an ordinary person who has lived through CKD with three cats. This website is for educational purposes only, and is not intended to be used to diagnose or treat any cat. Before trying any of the treatments described herein, you MUST consult a qualified veterinarian and obtain professional advice on the correct regimen for your cat and his or her particular requirements; and you should only use any treatments described here with the full knowledge and approval of your vet. No responsibility can be accepted.

 

If your cat appears to be in pain or distress, do not waste time on the internet, contact your vet immediately.

 

*****

Copyright Tanya's Feline CKD Website 2000-2020. All rights reserved.

 

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