TANYA'S

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO

FELINE CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

 

 

 

OTHER ILLNESSES

 

ON THIS PAGE:


Feline Lifestages Information


Major Feline Health Issues:


Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)


Liver Disease


Paralysed and Amputee Cats


Feline Behaviour:


New Cat Introductions


Inappropriate Elimination


Aggression


Alarm Clock Cats


 

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Tanya's CKD Support Group Today

 

HOME


Site Overview


What You Need to Know First


Alphabetical Index


Glossary


Research Participation Opportunities


 

WHAT IS CKD?


What Happens in CKD?


Causes of CKD


Early Detection


How Bad is It?


Is There Any Hope?


Acute Renal Failure


 

KEY ISSUES


Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid


Maintaining Hydration


The Importance of Phosphorus Control


All About Hypertension


All About Anaemia


All About Constipation


Potassium Imbalances


Metabolic Acidosis


Kidney Stones


 

SUPPORT


Coping with CKD


Tanya's Support Group


Success Stories


 

SYMPTOMS


Alphabetical List of Symptoms and Treatments


Fluid and Urinary  Imbalances (Dehydration, Overhydration and Urinary Issues)


Waste Product Regulation Imbalances (Vomiting, Appetite Loss, Excess Stomach Acid, Gastro-intestinal Problems, Mouth Ulcers Etc.)


Phosphorus and Calcium Imbalances


Miscellaneous Symptoms (Pain, Hiding Etc.)


 

DIAGNOSIS: WHAT DO ALL THE TEST RESULTS MEAN?


Blood Chemistry: Kidney Function, Potassium, Other Tests (ALT, Amylase, (Cholesterol, Etc.)


Complete Blood Count (CBC): Red and White Blood Cells: Anaemia and Infection


Urinalysis (Urine Tests)


Other Tests: Ultrasound, Biopsy, X-rays etc.


Renomegaly (Enlarged Kidneys)


Which Tests to Have and Frequency of Testing


Factors that Affect Test Results


Normal Ranges


International and US Measuring Systems


 

TREATMENTS


Which Treatments are Essential


Finding a Good Vet and Record Keeping


Fluid and Urinary Issues (Fluid Retention, Infections, Incontinence, Proteinuria)


Waste Product Regulation (Mouth Ulcers, GI Bleeding, Antioxidants, Adsorbents, Azodyl, Astro's CRF Oil)


Phosphorus, Calcium and PTH (Calcitriol)


Miscellaneous Treatments: Stem Cell Transplants, ACE Inhibitors - Fortekor, Steroids, Kidney Transplants)


Antibiotics and Painkillers


Holistic Treatments (Including Slippery Elm Bark)


ESAs (Aranesp, Epogen etc.) for Severe Anaemia


General Health Issues in a CKD Cat: Fleas, Arthritis, Dementia, Vaccinations


Tips on Medicating Your Cat


Obtaining Supplies Cheaply in the UK, USA and Canada


Working with Your Vet


 

DIET & NUTRITION


Nutritional Requirements of CKD Cats


The B Vitamins (Including Methylcobalamin)


What to Feed (and What to Avoid)


Persuading Your Cat to Eat


Food Data Tables


USA Canned Food Data


USA Dry Food Data


USA Cat Food Manufacturers


UK Canned Food Data


UK Dry Food Data


UK Cat Food Manufacturers


2007 Food Recall USA


 

FLUID THERAPY


Intravenous Fluids


Subcutaneous Fluids


Tips on Giving Subcutaneous Fluids


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Giving Set


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Syringe


Subcutaneous Fluids - Winning Your Vet's Support


Dialysis


 

RELATED DISEASES


Heart Problems


Hyperthyroidism


Diabetes


Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)


Pancreatitis


Dental Problems


Anaesthesia


 

OBTAINING SUPPLIES CHEAPLY


UK


USA


Canada


 

SAYING GOODBYE


Saying Goodbye


The Final Hours


Coping with Your Loss


Other People's Losses


 

MISCELLANEOUS


Prevention


Research


Canine Renal Failure


Other Illnesses (Cancer, Liver) and Behavioural Problems


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SITEOWNER (HELEN)


My Three CKD Cats: Tanya, Thomas and Ollie


My Multi Ailment Cat, Harpsie


Find Me on Facebook


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Home > Miscellaneous > Other Illnesses

 


Overview


  • I sometimes am asked about other issues in CKD cats, so I'm covering them here.

  • Diseases related to the CKD, including dental problems, pancreatitis, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and Heart Problems are covered in the Related Diseases chapter.

  • This page covers Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), cancer, liver disease, behavioural problems in cats and handicapped cats.


Feline Lifestages Information


 

All Lifestages


 

AAFP/AAHA feline lifestage guidelines (2010)

A joint publication by the American Association of Feline Practitioners and the American Animal Hospital Association which gives tips on which tests to run at which age, dental care, weight management and many other issues.

 

Senior Cat Care


 

The American Association of Feline Practitioners (2008)

Guidelines on how to be proactive in caring for a senior cat.

 

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine

has information on what to expect as a cat ages.

 

Aging in cats: common physical and functional changes (2016)

Bellows J, Center S, Daristotle L, Estrada AH, Fickinger EA, Horwitz DF, Lascelles BDX, Lepine A, Perea S, Scherk M & Shoveller AK Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 18 pp533550 discusses the bodily changes that may be seen in aging cats.

 

Evaluating aging in cats: how to determine what is healthy and what is disease (2016)

Bellows J, Center S, Daristotle L, Estrada AH, Flickinger EA, Horwitz DF, Lascelles BDX, Lepine A, Perea S, Scherk M and Shovellar AK Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 18 pp551570 discusses what to be alert to regarding your cat's health.

 

The American Veterinary Medical Association

has some helpful information about aging cats.

 


Major Feline Health Issues



Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)


 

This condition is very common in cats. It is usually linked to an imbalance in urine pH, and many of these cats develop struvite crystals. It is not the same thing as a urinary tract infection.

 

In the worst case, these cats can develop a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. If this happens, your cat needs a vet, NOW! Harpsie nearly died of this problem so it is a subject close to my heart.

 

International Cat Care

An overview by the UK feline charity.

 

Long Beach Animal Hospital

Detailed and helpful information. 

 

Mar Vista Vet

This page discusses FLUTD.

 

Mar Vista Vet

This page discussess struvite crystals in particular.

 

Mar Vista Vet

This page discusses urinary tract blockages.

 

The Winn Feline Foundation (2015)

Has a good overview of FLUTD from Drs S Little and M Kornya.

 

The Winn Feline Foundation (2015)

discusses bladder stones and urinary obstructions from Dr M Kornya

 

Feline lower urinary tract disease (2006)

Sparkes AH Presentation to the 31st World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress has a brief overview of FLUTD.

 

Harpsie's Website

Our experiences with FLUTD and Harpsie's lifethreatening urinary tract blockage.

 

FLUTD Group

A support group for people whose cats have FLUTD.

 

Cats with FLUTD

Another support group for people whose cats have FLUTD.

 


Feline Cancer


 

Pet MD

Lists the top ten possible cancer symptoms to watch out for.

 

2016 AAHA Oncology Guidelines for Dogs and Cats

Biller B, Berg J, Garrett L, Ruslander D, Wearing R, Abbott B, Patel M, Smith D & Bryan C Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 52(4) pp181-204 gives the latest guidelines for treating cancer in cats. Please note that chemotherapy is available for cats and they do not normally experience the sort of side effects commonly seen in humans.

 

Pet Cancer Center

has a lot of information about cancer in cats and dogs.

 

Vet Info

A number of questions and answers on cancer issues.

 

Feline Cancer Support Group

For those with a cat with cancer offering advice and support. I used this group when my cat had cancer and found it helpful.

 

There are more links about feline cancer on the Causes of CKD page.

 

 Lymphoma


Lymphoma is the most common cancer in cats, but fortunately it is often treatable.

 

Feline Lymphoma

Aims to help people with a cat with lymphoma by offering support and information, particularly regarding treatment options.

 

Mar Vista Vet

Information on symptoms and treatments for lymphoma.

 

Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine

Has a clear overview of lymphoma in cats.

 

Woodstock's story

The story of one cat's battle against lymphosarcoma (kidney cancer).

 

Feline Lymphoma Support Group

For those with cats with lymphoma.

 

Feline Small Cell Lymphoma Support Group

For those with a cat with small cell lymphoma.

 


Liver Disease


 

General


 

International Cat Care

An overview of liver disease by the UK feline charity.

 

Liver disease: signs, symptoms and diagnosis

A helpful paper by Dr Fleming, which focuses more on dogs, but much of the information applies to cat too.

 

Long Beach Animal Hospital

A good overview of liver disease.

 

Feline Liver List

A support group for those with a cat with liver problems, offering advice and support.

 

Hepatitis and Cholangiohepatitis


 

Update on the diagnosis and management of feline cholangiohepatitis (2003)

A presentation by Stanley Marks to the Waltham Feline Medicine Symposium 2003.

 

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine

An overview of cholangiohepatitis.

 


Paralysed and Amputee Cats


 

Mar Vista Vet

Information on caring for paralysed cats.

 

Cats with Paralysis

Support group for people with a paralysed cat.

 

Messy Beast

Discusses hind limb paralysis and various types of amputation.

 

International Cat Care

Information on adapting to life on three legs.

 

Handicapped Pets

Sells products for handicapped pets.

 

Eddies Wheels

Sells products for handicapped pets.

 


Feline Behaviour


 

General Information


AAHA 2015 canine and feline behavior management guidelines (2015)

Hammerle M, Horst C, Levine E, Overall K, Radosta L, Rafter-Ritchie M, Yin S Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 51(4) pp205-221 offers guidelines on the management of feline behaviour.

 

Feline behavior guidelines from the American Association of Feline Practitioners (2005)

Overall KL, Rodan I, Beaver BV, Carney H, Crowell-Davis S, Hird N, Kudrak S & Wexler-Mitchel E; Panel on Feline Behavior Guidelines; American Association of Feline Practitioners Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 227(1) pp70-84 has information on feline behaviour.

Cats International

A not-for-profit, educational organisation with the goal of helping people understand their cats better. It has many excellent articles.

 

Essential Cattitude

 An International Cat Care publication containing information on feline behaviour and needs from some of the UK's leading behaviourists.

 

The Behavior Clinic at Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine

Offers a consultation service for feline behavioural problems. Most other vet schools offer a similar service.

Cats Health and Behavior

This group is for discussion of general cat health and behaviour.

 

Introducing a New Cat


 

Cats International

Lots of good advice on how to introduce cats to your household.

 

Inappropriate Elimination


 

Hilltop Animal Hospital

Excellent information from Dr Karen Overall, a famous US animal behaviourist. 

 

Hilltop Animal Hospital

A series of four other articles with advice on dealing with such problems.

 

International Cat Care

Covers spraying and soiling indoors.

 

AAFP and ISFM guidelines for diagnosing and solving house-soiling behavior in cats (2014)

Carney HC, Sadek TP, Curtis TM, Halls V, Heath S, Hutchison P, Mundschenk K & Westropp JL Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 16 pp579598 aim to help manage and treat and hopefully resolve feline housesoiling.

 

Cats International

Has helpful information about housesoiling.

 

Harpsie's Website

This is a site about our cat, Harpsie, who (amongst other issues) had problems with inappropriate elimination which we resolved.

 

Feline Aggression


 

Cats International

Has a collection of helpful articles about aggression towards people.

 

Cats International

Also has a collection of helpful articles regarding aggression towards other cats.

 

"Alarm Clock" Cats - Cats Who Wake at Dawn


 

Cats International

Explains why cats often wake up early and how to deal with this issue.

 

Pet Place

Has an article about this problem by Dr Nicholas Dodman.

 

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This page last updated: 18 March 2017

Links on this page last checked: 18 March 2017